gauge

gauge [gāj]
n.
[ME < NormFr: see the GAUGE vt.]
1. a standard measure or scale of measurement
2. dimensions, capacity, thickness, etc.
3. any device for measuring something, as the thickness of wire, the dimensions of a machined part, the amount of liquid in a container, steam pressure, etc.
4. any means of estimating or judging
5. the distance between the rails of a rail track: cf. STANDARD GAUGE, BROAD GAUGE, NARROW GAUGE
6. the distance between parallel wheels at opposite ends of an axle
7. the size of a bore, esp. of a shotgun, expressed in terms of the number per pound of round lead balls of a diameter equal to that of the bore
8. the thickness of sheet metal, diameter of wire, etc.
9.
a) a measure of the fineness of a knitted or crocheted fabric
b) the fineness of a machine-knitted fabric expressed in terms of the number of loops per 11/ 2 inches
10. Naut. the position of a ship in relation to another ship and the wind [a sailboat that has the weather gauge of another boat is to windward of it]
11. Plastering the amount of plaster of Paris used with common plaster to hasten its setting: Usually GAGE1 in technical senses
vt.
gauged, gauging [ME gaugen < NormFr gaugier, prob. < VL * gallicare < ?]
1. to measure accurately by means of a gauge
2. to measure the size, amount, extent, or capacity of
3. to estimate; judge; appraise
4. to bring to correct gauge; make conform with a standard
5. Masonry to cut or rub (bricks or stone) to a desired shape
6. Plastering to mix (plaster) in the proportions required for a specified setting time
SYN.- STANDARD
gaugeable
adj.

English World dictionary. . 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gauge — Gauge, n. [Written also gage.] 1. A measure; a standard of measure; an instrument to determine dimensions, distance, or capacity; a standard. [1913 Webster] This plate must be a gauge to file your worm and groove to equal breadth by. Moxon. [1913 …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gauge — may refer to:In measurements:* American wire gauge, a measurement of diameter of a wire * Gauge (bore diameter), the diameter of a shotgun barrel * Stubs Iron Wire Gauge, which corresponds to the diameter of a hypodermic needle **See also * Sheet …   Wikipedia

  • Gauge — (g[=a]j), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Gauged}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Gauging}] [OF. gaugier, F. jauger, cf. OF. gauge gauge, measuring rod, F. jauge; of uncertain origin; perh. fr. an assumed L. qualificare to determine the qualities of a thing (see… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gauge — (ingl.) En lenguaje técnico, medida de la *distancia o el *hueco de ciertas cosas; por ejemplo, el tamaño del punto en los tejidos de punto, o la distancia entre los rieles de una *vía. * * * En física, las teorías extensamente aceptadas del… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gauge — bezeichnet: Gauge (Technik), Maße für Größenangaben, speziell Eichmaße und Endmaße, sowie Messgeräte, speziell Messuhren, Messlehren oder Schieblehren Gauge (Fluss), Fluss in Nordwest England Gauge (Pornodarstellerin) (* 1980), amerikanische… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • gauge — (v.) ascertain by exact measurements, mid 15c., from Anglo Fr. gauge (mid 14c.), from O.N.Fr. gauger (O.Fr. jauger), from gauge gauging rod, perhaps from Frankish *galgo rod, pole for measuring (Cf. O.N. gelgja pole, perch, O.H.G. galgo; see… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Gauge — [geidʒ] das; <aus engl. gauge »Normalmaß« zu altfr. gauger »messen«, weitere Herkunft unsicher> in der Strumpffabrikation Maß zur Angabe der Maschenzahl u. damit zur Feinheit des Erzeugnisses; Abk.: gg …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • gauge — [n] measure, standard barometer, basis, benchmark, bore, capacity, check, criterion, degree, depth, example, exemplar, extent, guide, guideline, height, indicator, magnitude, mark, meter, model, norm, pattern, rule, sample, scale, scope, size,… …   New thesaurus

  • gauge — sb. (fk.), gauge (mål for masketæthed i strik) …   Dansk ordbog

  • gauge — (chiefly US also gage) ► NOUN 1) an instrument that measures and gives a visual display of the amount, level, or contents of something. 2) the thickness, size, or capacity of a wire, sheet, tube, bullet, etc., especially as a standard measure. 3) …   English terms dictionary

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